The Turin Institute for the Deaf was founded in the nineteenth century to provide assistance and education to deaf children, and to train their teachers.
The original seat of the Institute was in Turin. In 1965 the building was sold to the City of Turin and with the proceeds was built new and larger building in Pianezza, which is still active.
In Italy, with the end of the seventies, the evolution of legislation in the education sector and the changing of the pedagogical orientations give rise to a profound crisis of special institutions, which in the next decade numerous close.
The management of the Institute decides to adjust their offer: the boarding school was closed and the special schools opened to hearing children. Moreover  an innovative educational service for deaf students in the mainstream was inaugurated.

The Institute's activities are not limited to deaf students: as required by the Statute from the beginning, 
 training courses, conferences, seminars and publications are provived for teachers, educators, parents and health workers. With this in mind, the Institute aims to become, in addition to a center of service, an important place of thought, research, reflection, meeting and of exchange of ideas.

The Institute is a Foundation, a non-profit organization, governed by a Board of Trustees totally autonomous from political or religious authorities.